Hamara Shehar Vikas Niyojan’s Letter of Objections and Suggestions

 

Date: 18th April 2015

To,
The Chief Engineer – Development Plan
5th Floor, Municipal Head Office, Annex Building
Mahapalika Marg, Fort,
Mumbai-400 001

Subject: Suggestion /Objections and Request for Hearing for the Proposed Draft Development Plan for Mumbai 2014-34. No. ChE/32596/DP/GEN/dtd 25.2.2015.

As a collective of more than 50 academic, community based, and non governmental organizations, the Hamara Shehar Vikas Niyojan Abhiyan (HSVN) has engaged with the MCGM over the past few years to help provide constructive criticisms and suggestions to help achieve MCGM’s aims of creating an inclusive, sustainable and competitive city. The collective has organized stakeholder consultations for the MCGM and also presented alternative plans and proposals at every stage in the Development Plan process.

The HSVN welcomes the innovations that the new DP has attempted such as participatory planning at the planning sector level, the introduction of inclusionary zoning for housing, variable FSI norms, identification of areas for comprehensive planning, and MCGM control of land released for public purposes. However, we are disappointed that these ideas have not been fully developed and haven’t been taken far enough to be effective.

Furthermore, there are very serious limitations and problems in the Draft Development Plan as it stands today. Many of these problems are regarding the approach and methodology of the Plan itself, and the following are some of our core concerns:

1. The Development plan is a highly technical document, and it requires careful reading and understanding for people to make suggestions and objections. We demand an extension of this period of suggestions and objections by at least 3 more months for more constructive feedback from the residents of this city.

2. It is also imperative that the MCGM organize ward and city level sector based workshops to facilitate understanding of the DP and invite suggestions and objections to its proposals. The DP report and presentations must be made in English, Hindi and Marathi to ensure that every resident of the city can comprehend and contribute to the process.

3. The plan must formulate clear aims and targets for inclusiveness and sustainability. The absence of such targets is unfortunate, as without them each of these concepts remain empty phrases rather than assessable objectives. A development plan must identify clear social goals for the next 20 years – such as, for example, literacy, healthcare, standard of living, etc; or reduction in carbon footprints, pollution levels, etc; and make the physical development plan one component of this larger development program. In the absence of such an approach, the DP will remain a broad framework for real estate development, and nothing more.

4. The Development Plan has overlooked the needs and concerns of the informal sector in the city. It is surprising how the city government assumes that just by pretending that Mumbai is a fully regulated, formal city, it will eventually become as such. The plan has no provisions for street vendors, naka workers, informal settlements, pavement dwellers and informal manufacturing. The plan does not even begin to formulate some norms or guidelines for these. The DP must attempt to understand and formulate proposals for the informal sector.

5. The development plan has severely diluted norms for social infrastructure and services in the city, while it has made generous allocations for private residential, commercial and transport infrastructure. This is highly objectionable, and the plan must make publicly built and run health, educational, and recreational facilities its primary priority, and do everything possible to provide these based on national norms.

6. The DP has left large areas requiring special care and careful planning out of the process by calling them “areas for local area planning.” Though it is understandable that these areas require comprehensive planning, it is imperative that they are planned at this stage itself, rather than being passed on to a “next level” that may be uncertain and/or unaccountable. Who will make these local area plans, how they will be made and when will they be taken up are questions that find no answer in the DP report. We demand that these areas be planned right away, and the DP not be sanctioned till comprehensive plans are made at this stage itself. Similarly, secoral plans must be made and presented with the DP itself and not left for later.

7. The planning sectors for the Draft DP are based on physical features and do not correspond to electoral ward boundaries. The rationale for this is incomprehensible. One of the key purposes of planning sectors is to enable local level participation, and the most logical arrangement to facilitate this is the electoral ward. Yet the DP does not use these boundaries, but creates new sectors, and it is unclear what the mechanisms for participation will be in these new spatial units. We demand that planning sectors must correspond to electoral wards in the DP.

8. Areas left out of the DP as Special Planning Areas (SPAs) are unacceptable. The MCGM must plan for the enire area under its jurisdiction, and not leave out areas from the DP.

9. For ensuring affordable habitats in the city, we demand that all lands that are currently occupied by slums in the city be declared as areas reserved for “public housing.” These must be acquired by the MCGM from the land owners. Up-gradation and improvement guidelines must be formulated for self-built settlements in the city.

10. Boundaries of all urban villages in the city must be demarcated in the DP and special DCRs must be formulated for the upgradation of urban villages

In the following pages, we have also presented more detailed sector level suggestions and objections to the Development Plan. We expect the MCGM to consider each of these suggestions, and the concerns on which they are based. We also request a personal hearing to ensure a proper understanding of these concerns.

Sincerely,
Hamara Shehar Vikas Niyojan
A/4, 495, Sahakar Nagar No.2
Road No.1, Shell Colony, Tilak Nagar (East)
Mumbai – 400 071
mumbaidpforum@gmail.com
+ 91 9619519231 | +91 9833252472 | +91 9819987998

Copy to:

1. Shri. Sitaram Kunte, The Municipal Commissioner MCGM,
Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai
Municipal Head Office, Mahapalika Marg
Mumbai-400 001.

2. Shri Yashodhar P. Phanse, Chairman
Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai
Municipal Head Office, Mahapalika Marg
Mumbai-400 001

3. Shri. Devendra Fadnavis, Chief Minister,
Government of Maharashtra,
Mantralya, Mumbai – 400032

4. Shri. Swadheen Kshatriya, Chief Secretary, Govt. of Maharashtra
Mantralaya, Mumbai – 400032

5. Shri. Nitin Kareer, Principal Secretary,
Urban Development Department,
Mantralya, Mumbai – 400032

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People’s Preparatory Workshops (March 12th–March 31st)

Hamara Shehar Vikas Niyojan is organizing a series of nine Preparatory Workshops in the coming days (March 12th–March 26th) to explore a number of pressing themes and issues surrounding the draft DP Plan with various communities who will be most affected by its implementation as well as key resource persons and groups. These include:

  • Physical Infrastructure (Thursday, March 12th)
  • Slums and Habitat  (Saturday, March 14th)
  • Adivasipadas / Gaothans / Koliwadas  (Sunday, March 15th)
  • Environment and Open spaces  (Tuesday, March 17th)
  • Social Infrastructure  (Tuesday, March 24th)
  • Informal Livelihoods  (Saturday, March 28th)
  • Mumbai Port Trust Development  (Sunday, March 29th)
  • Affordable Housing  (Tuesday, March 31st)
  • Gender  

Based on the meeting with the Municipal Commissioner and his assurance that there will be consultations on various thematics, and in discussion with campaign satis, we have decided to organize these workshops with the following objectives: 1., To bring communities together to compile detailed suggestions /objections, and 2., To prepare for MCGM Stakeholder consultations, if and when they happen.

Click here for the tentative schedule and additional details for these workshops Venue updates including time and locations of each meeting will be updated shortly.

Preparatory Workshops:

There will be two kinds of preparatory workshops: (a) workshops with community representatives and groups; (b) workshops with resource people and groups

(a) with community representatives and groups (Day workshops):

  • 1. Slums and Habitat –14th March (Saturday) 10 am @ APNALAYA,
    B/9 – 103 New Jaiphalwadi SRA Co-op Hsg Soc
    Behind Police Quarters, Tardeo
  • 2. Informal Livelihoods – 28th March(Saturday) @ 
  • 3. Adivasipadas / Gaothans / Koliwadas – 15th March (Sunday) 10 am @ APNALAYA, B/9 – 103 New Jaiphalwadi SRA Co-op Hsg Soc, Behind Police Quarters, Tardeo
  • 4. BPT – 29th March (Sunday) @

(b) workshops with resource people and groups (Evening workshops):

  • 5. Social Infrastructure – 24 March(Tuesday) @ Room No 11, TISS Main Campus ( 4pm onwards)
  • 6. Physical Infrastructure – 12th March (Thursday) @ TISS (NC1, New Campus – 3 pm to 6 pm)
  • 7. Environment and Open spaces – 17th March(Tuesday) @ TISS (NC1, New Campus – 4 pm to 6 pm)
  • 8. Affordable Housing – 31 March (Tuesday) @ TISS (NC1, New Campus – 4 pm onwards)
  • 9. Gender – To be finalized  

Essential Reading on the Development Plan from the MCGM Website

Check out the following link to the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) website which provides: the Draft Development Plan maps (existing land use), Draft DCRs (in Marathi and English), draft DP Reports, timelines and preparatory studies, etc. 

It is essential reading for informed dissent, productive engagement, and popular reappropriation of Mumbai’s Development Plan 2014–2034.

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Notes On The Draft Development Plan Summary (23rd February 2015)

After multiple delays in the revision of the Mumbai Development Plan (2014-2034) and an official two year extension granted in October 2014 – the draft Development Plan (DP) was presented to the Mayor and group leaders last week. While MCGM officials maintain that the draft DP has not been made public, unofficial versions of the summary and draft DP have been widely reported on by the media.

Hamara Shehar Vikas Niyojan Abhiyaan, the city wide campaign of NGOs, academic and other institutions, CBOs, unions and communities has, over three years, advocated for a participatory approach to urban planning that takes into consideration the fundamental needs of Mumbai’s majority and a people-centric approach to the city’s biggest challenges. The Campaign has played an active role at various stages of the DP preparation. It was active in the extensive corrections made to the Existing Land Use Plan (made public in 2012); it developed and submitted to the MCGM a ’People’s Vision Document’ that highlights fundamental issues in the city from a people’s perspective; it hosted a majority of the MCGM-initiated sectoral consultations through institutions involved in the campaign; the campaign was also active in garnering participation at the ward level consultations. It has also submitted to the MCGM a ‘People’s Plan for Malvani’ drafted by Kamla Raheja Vidyanidhi Institute of Architecture (KRVIA) and Youth for Unity and Voluntary Action (YUVA) – a model local area plan that aims to achieve comfortable living and working conditions, sufficient amenities and social infrastructure in high density low income settlements.

The campaign met on Thursday evening at Bhupesh Gupta Bhavan in Prabhadevi to discuss the way forward. The issues discussed at the meeting included – the proposed variable FSI & TOD and what it meant for the city’s working people, removal of no development Zone reservations, and Aarey Colony being seen as opportunity for an emerging growth centre, inclusion of the the coastal road into the plan, and multiple issues that will directly affect the liveability of the city for the next 20 years.

Some of the main observations regarding the shortfalls and contradictions in the DP 2034 which emerged through this discussion are as follows:
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Notes on the Draft Development Plan Summary (Hindi)

अनेक विरॊफ औय दफु ाया सॊशोधन के फाद भॊफु ई का विकास ननमोजन (२०१४-२०३४) वऩछरे हप्तेभेमय औय गट रीडयों के सभकऺ प्रस्ततु ककमा गमा I इस विकास ननमोजन के लरए दो सारका कारािधी फढ़ाकय (Extension) दी गमी थी I मह दस्तािेज़ साभान्म जनता के लरए भॊफु ई केिाडड ऑकपसों भें तथा इनयनेट ऩय उऩरब्ध है I

हभाया शहय विकास ननमोजन अलबमान, भॊफु ई शहय व्माप्त अलबमान है I इस अलबमान भें स्िमॊसेिी सॊस्था, फवु िजीिी, फस्ती के सॊघटन, मनू नमन औय अन्म सॊस्थामें जड़ु ी है I वऩछरे ३ सारो से मह अलबमान बागीदायी तयीके से शहय का ननमोजन हो तथा जन साभान्म के भरु बतू जरुयतो ऩय आधारयत हो इसलरए कामयडत है I इस अलबमान ने विकास ननमोजन फनाने के प्रकिमा भें सभम – सभम ऩय सिीम मोगदान ककमा है I ELU (एक्सेटटगॊ रडैं मजू म्माऩ) म्माऩ
के अभ्मास औय उसके फाद उनभे दरुु स्ती को रेकय रोगों भें जन जागनृ त का काभ ककमा है I अलबमान ने “ऩीऩर व्व्हजन डॉकीभेंट” बी भॊफु ई नगय ऩालरका कों ऩेश ककमा है I इस दस्तािेज़ भें भॊफु ई के रोगों की भरु बतु जरुयतों के दृव्टटकोन का सभािेश है I इसके साथ – साथ अलबमान ने फहुत से विषमों ऩय ऩयाभशड फैठक (कन्सरटेशन) नगयऩालरका औय फहुत सायी सॊस्थाओॊ के साथ लभरकय आमोव्जत की है I इन फैठोकों भें अलबमान भें शालभर सबी घटको ने फढ़कय टहस्सा लरमा औय अऩने विचाय औय सझु ाि यखे I अलबमान के अथक ऩरयश्रभ से िाडड स्थयऩय के बी ऩयाभशड फैठक आमोव्जत ककए गमे I

इसके साथ मिु ा (मथु पॉय मनू नटी एॊड व्होंरीॊटय एक्शन), कभरा यहेजा विद्मा ननधध इॊव्स्टट्मटू ऑफ़ आककडटेक्चय ने भारिणी के लरए एक भॉडर रोकर प्रान भॊफु ई भहानगयऩालरका को प्रस्ततु ककमा I इस प्रान, (ननमोजन) का भख्ु म उद्देश आयाभदेम यहना, काभ कयने के टठकान औय ऩमाडप्त भरु बतु सवु िधाॊमे औय साभाव्जक ढाॊचे उच्च घनत्ि, औय कभ उत्ऩन्न िारे फव्स्तमों भें हालसर कयना I

१९ पयियी २०१५ के शाभ को अलबमान के सबी साथी आगे की यणनननत तम कयने के लरए लभरे I फैठक भें प्रस्ताविक ऩरयितनड शीर एप.एस.आम (FSI) औय टी.ओ.डी (TOD) इनका अस्सय शहय के कटटकयी रोगो ऩय क्मा होगा. नो डव्े हरऩभेंट झोन , आये कॉरनी को उबयते हुए विकास की कें द्र की तयह देखना इन विषमों ऩय चचाड हुई I कोस्टर योड का सभािेश औय अनेक भद्दु े व्जनका सीधा ताल्रकु आगे के फीस सारो भें शहय ऩय कैसा होगा इन भद्दु ोऩय चचाड होगी I उसके साथ इस फैठक भें ड्राफ्ट विकास ननमोजन २०३४ भें टदखने िारी कलभमा औय वियोधाबासो ऩय बी चचाड हुई I उसभें से ननम्न लरखखत भद्दु े साभने आमे –
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